External Forces on Africa’s Democracy and Development

Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Edward Brenya


The argument for Africa’s advancement has primarily been discussed on various fronts and amply tied to democracy and development. This notwithstanding, such discourse has neglected the evolutionary process of our political history and development. The need for this review article however, is to reinvigorate the need for African leaders and political actors as well as their foreign counterparts to pay attention to some of the recurrent issues that has stifled the growth of the African continent in particular. In addressing the issues from past to present, attention has been paid to the colonial legacy as well as the question of colonization, history, definition and structure among others. 


Colonization, Democracy, Development, Neo-Colonialism, Aid, Modernization, Dependency

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/epiphany.v8i3.149


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