Ghazal Mansoor Al-Sakkaf


In most cultures, if not all, women have suffered a lot from subjugation for centuries. It is rare to find a society that confesses that a woman is strong and can live independently because women have always been marked as other or something complementary to men. That is because the woman has always been marked as “other” or something complementary to the man. However, this article is an attempt to contradict this negative image of the woman and proves that she has enough self-determination to stand against traditions and rules that are prescribed by society and choose the best for herself without any outside interference. To accomplish this attempt, the researcher has selected two female characters from two different English novels and analyzed them from a feminist point of view. They are Jane Eyre, the main character of Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontëe, and Sammar, the main character of The Translator by Leila Aboulela. The study depends on close reading to trace the lives of the characters throughout the novels to extract the situations that reflect female determination. As is shown at the end of the study, both female characters present a good example of female self-determination. They faced society's dictations that obliged them to go against their needs and wishes. On one side, Jane Eyre refuses to get married to a rich, married man because she believes that a man must have only one woman in his life; otherwise, he would be unloyal. Sammar, on the other hand, remains conservative in her beliefs and religion. She never gets rid of her conventions at any cost, though she lives abroad alone and


feminism, female self-determination, Jane Eyre, The Translator, female determination

Full Text:



Aboulela, L. (1990). The translator (1st ed). New York City: Grove Press Black. USA

Andersson, A. (2011). Identity and Independence in Jane Eyre. Mid Sweden University, English Studies. https://www.divaportal.org/smash/get/diva2:463653/fulltext01.pdf

Brontë, C. (1999). Jane Eyre. London: Wordsworth Classics.

Buckner, PA, & Francis, RD (Eds.). (2005). Rediscovering the British world. University of Calgary Press.

Budi, L. S., & Widyastuti, D. (2017). Self-Determination to Fight Oppressions as Seen in the Main Character of The Colour Purple by Alice Walker. Journal of Language and Literature, 17(2), 116-124.

Chambers, G.(2009) . An Interview with Leila Aboulela. Contemporary Women's Writing 3(1):86-102. DOI: 10.1093/cww/vpp003.

De Beauvoir, S. (2007). The second sex. Understanding Inequality: the intersection of race/ethnicity, class, and gender, 75-82.

Fauzia, N. S., & Rahayu, A. C. (2019). Women's Struggle against Patriarchy: An Analysis of Radical Feminism Through Nadia Hashimi's A House Without Windows. Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary, and Cultural Studies, 2(1), 1-9.

Hannam, J. (2007). The Book of Feminism. England: Pearson-Longman.

Lay, K., & Daley, J. G. (2007). A critique of feminist theory. Advances in social work, 8(1), 49-61.

Mir, M., A. (2014). Women Characters in The Three Novels Of Anita Desai. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 3 (51), 9-11.

Monroe, J. A. (1987). A feminist vindication of Mary Wollstonecraft. Iowa Journal of Literary Studies, 8(1), 143-152.

Moi, T. (1999). What is a woman?: And other essays. Oxford University Press, USA.

Perkin, J. (1995). Victorian women. New York: New York University Press.

Suaidi, S., & Rusfandi, R. (2016). Feminism reflected In Pride And Prejudice Novel By Jane Austen 1813. Journalof Ilmiah Bahasa Dan Sastra, 3(1), 85-99.

Wollstonecraft, M. (2014). A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Yale University Press.

Yeseibo, J. (2018). Female Self-Definition and Determination in Tsitsi Dangarembga’s She No Longer Weeps. Review of Arts and Humanities, 7(2), 11-16.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/epiphany.v16i1.419


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Epiphany

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Epiphany (pISSN 2303-6850, eISSN 1840-3719) is currently Indexed/Abstracted